Year in Review 2016

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Logistics Cluster Website

The Logistics Cluster

enables global, regional and local actors to meet humanitarian needs. Before crises, we work with the stakeholders in high risk countries and regions to strengthen local capacities. In crises, where local capacities have been exceeded, we provide leadership, coordination, information and operational services.

Globally, the Logistics Cluster is a community of partners actively working to overcome logistics constraints, develop and share best practices and solutions.

The cluster approach was adopted in 2005 as a result of the Humanitarian Reform process launched by the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). The Reform process focused on strengthening coordination and accountability, enhancing partnerships in key sectors, including Logistics.

Because of its expertise in humanitarian logistics and its field capacity, the UN World Food Programme was chosen by the IASC to be the lead agency of the Logistics Cluster. In this role, when necessary, WFP acts as a provider of last resort offering common logistics services, to all humanitarian responders.

The Logistics Cluster leverages the network of sixty active partners to best fill critical logistics gaps. When local infrastructures are severely damaged or inaccessible, WFP, as the lead agency, or any partner with relevant capacity offer alternative transport options, such as air or sea assets to reach inaccessible communities. When local capacities are exceeded, the Logistics Cluster coordinates access to road transport services, storage facilities and fuel.

The Logistics Cluster is therefore key in ensuring an efficient humanitarian response, reducing duplication of humanitarian efforts and saving costs.

2016 in NUMBERS

454 organisations supported Organisations supported pie chart
12 Operations 87,239 mt relief items on behalf of 170 organisations 1,433 Service Requests Forms
Information updates across operations pages
(including ConOps, Maps, Meeting Minutes)
IM Updates chart

Website

Webpage yearly views
LC webpage views

Social Media

1,102 New page likes 3,521 Average reach per post 22,297 Average reach per month
485 New followers 3,509 Average reach per post 31,875 Average reach per month

Deployments

18 GLC staff deployed to 10 operations 2,013 days
26 staff members from partnering
organisations seconded to 10 operations
2,587 days

Global Meetings

London

July 66 attendees

Brussels

November 53 attendees
42 organisations represented

Trainings

15 Trainings facilitated 2 LRT, 2 Access Training
2 Logistics Cluster Induction Training
1 Logistics Cluster Coordinators Workshop

+ 8 Logistics Cluster awareness sessions
400 trained
Participation in 8 trainings 2 Functional Area and Support Training for Emergency Response (FASTER), 2 EU Civil Protection Mechanism (EUCPM),
1 Cash Based Transfers (CBT) Workshop, 1 European Disaster Response Exercise (EDREX),
1 OpEx Bravo-Emergency Telecommunications Cluster, 1 TRIPLEX-IHP large scale field simulation exercise

Lessons Learned

3 Exercises DRC, Iraq, Syria

Focus on local leadership and on the creation of local capacities to respond to emergencies

In 2016 the Logistics Cluster launched its new three year strategy. The strategy puts partnership and collaboration at its core.
The Logistics Cluster community aims to meet humanitarian needs by supporting national logistics preparedness in key disaster-prone countries, engaging with stakeholders from different sectors to leverage their capacity, and systemically sharing and implementing best practices.
The 2016-2018 Logistics Cluster strategy was designed through a participatory process led by a working group comprised of thirteen organisations, including those that have been participating to the Logistics Cluster Global Meetings.

Key outcomes

Logistics Cluster preparedness focuses on six priority countries, chosen in consultation with Logistics Cluster partners. Partner organisations were requested to identify disaster-prone and at-risk countries that most urgently required support in augmenting national logistics response capacities, based on various risk indices and national-level logistics performance and capacity indicators. From an initial list of 30 countries, six were chosen that now form for the focus of Logistics Cluster preparedness activities.

Madagascar

the Logistics Sector Working Group, led by WFP, has been connecting country level staff to local private sector networks, as a means of promoting joint preparedness planning between humanitarian and private sectors under the government lead. A working group has also been formed with other humanitarian actors within the country Logistics sector focusing on implementing Minimum Preparedness Actions, with the Global Cluster providing support to the in-country staff.

Indonesia

WFP is supporting the government to establish a network of six humanitarian logistics facilities, the development of a warehouse management system and an e-learning platform for the training of national partners. Particular focus is given to early warning and information readiness through national partnership building.

Myanmar

the Logistics Sector Working Group is supporting the government in developing a response plan for different scenarios. WFP has also helped the government to establish logistics components of a National Incident Command System.

Bangladesh

the Logistics Sector Working Group is supporting the government in defining a contingency plan together with 16 partners and is fostering the involvement of the private sector. The cluster is also promoting the establishment of a humanitarian staging area including strengthening the development of IM tools and data preparedness and developing logistics and supply chain trainings with the government

Haiti

the Logistics Sector Working Group is currently responding to the Hurricane Matthew emergency. In early 2017, dedicated Sector preparedness staff will be deployed along with LET staff on mission, as the response transitions into a recovery and preparedness phase. Preparedness staff will support government actors and local private sector initiatives to map supply capacities and gaps, identifying local actors to address those gaps. Simulation and scenario planning exercises will also be conducted.

Nigeria

Since the Logistics Sector Working Group is currently involved in responding to the ongoing emergency, Sector preparedness activities are currently limited. A Logistics Capacity Assessment is ongoing for Borno state.

Pacific

the Pacific Preparedness Logistics Cluster, under the lead of WFP, is strengthening the Emergency Preparedness Response capacity of the Pacific region and national humanitarian actors. Within this framework, and separately from the six preparedness focus countries, the Logistics Cluster is working on regional shipping and supply chain assessments, mapping and standardisation of relief stocks, private sector engagement, Unsolicited Bilateral Donations management systems, training and simulation exercises and equipment prepositioning.

Partnerships

In 2016 the LET supported the disaster response operation in Haiti with:

Plane icon 155 mt Air freight
House icon 2,000 m2 Storage space
truck icon 640 mt Shipping capacity

This assistance included custom clearance support.

In addition a number of assets, such as trucks, forklifts and containers were either donated or loaned to support logistics operations.

The LET also assists in improving response preparedness by collecting information for Logistics Capacity Assessments (LCAs) and country-specific preparedness measures. The LET has so far supported 7 preparedness projects.

In 2015 LET companies have been working with the Logistics Cluster to provide assistance in preparedness projects including mapping of ocean freight routes, air freight hubs, support with collection of data for LCAs and bilateral engagement with Logistics Cluster partners for Pandemic Preparedness.

2016 Operations

At the field level the Logistics Cluster is responsible for coordination and Information Management of the logistics response. When necessary, the Logistics Cluster also coordinates access to common logistics services facilitating the delivery and storage of supplies.

  • Central African Republic
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Ecuador
  • Ethiopia
  • Haiti
  • Iraq
  • Nigeria
  • Somalia
  • South Sudan
  • Syria
  • Ukraine
  • Yemen

Complex protracted emergency

November 2013

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 2.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance
[OCHA, November 2016]
People icon 53 Organisations Supported
People icon 70 IM products published
People icon 24 Coordination meetings

Central African Republic (CAR)

The Logistics Cluster has been playing an important role in supporting organisations to identify gaps and optimise the use of resources available at regional and local levels.

Due to insufficient funding, the Logistics Cluster has been operating with minimal staff throughout 2016, restricting the effectiveness of critical coordination efforts and the capacity to provide real-time information and data to the humanitarian community.

Despite these challenges, the Logistics Cluster has been providing significant support to road and airstrip rehabilitation projects carried out by ACTED and Atlas Logistique/Handicap International respectively.

Additionally, the cluster is supporting the organisation of common cargo transport, as well as common storage services in Bangui and the provinces of Bossangoa and Kaga Bandoro, benefitting more than 50 humanitarian organisations across the country.

The Logistics Cluster has also been producing and sharing updated information management products crucial to ensuring effective coordination, including information on services offered by organisations such as Aviation Sans Frontière (ASF), ACTED, Premiere Urgence–Aide Medicale Internationale, Atlas Logistique/Handicap International, UNHAS and on how to access them.

$2.7 million requirement
$1.9 million received additional US$ 671,000 were received on 21 November 2016
68% Funded percentage
funded

Complex protracted emergency

November 2008

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 7.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, 2016]
People icon 133 Organisations Supported
People icon 75 IM products published
People icon 34 Coordination meetings

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC)

The delivery of relief items to vulnerable populations in the DRC is deeply affected by the challenges related to covering a vast geographical area with limited logistics infrastructure and networks, often in poor condition, paired with growing insecurity and conflict.

The Logistics Cluster is operational in Kinshasa and in the provincial capitals of Bukavu, Goma, Bunia, Kalémie and Lubumbashi to coordinate the logistics response and to provide critical information improving access and reach to the affected populations.

Shortage of funding has limited the Logistics Cluster intervention in DRC. The cluster has therefore focused on supporting and coordinating partners activities, such as the infrastructure projects carried out by organisations such as UNOPS and ACTED, by which more than 560 km of roads and 50 bridges have been rehabilitated, air transport made available by UNHAS and ECHO and road transport by Handicap International.

In order to strengthen the government and the humanitarian community’s emergency preparedness measures and contingency plans, the Logistics Cluster has trained more than 480 people from 169 organisations in GIS data collection and analysis, hence supporting the development of a broader and more accurate record of the infrastructure in the DRC.

In addition, the Logistics Cluster has been working in close collaboration with the North Kivu Department of Civil Protection, regional government authorities, the Goma Volcanic Observatory and the humanitarian community to build institutional capacity in disaster response and mitigation.

$1.2 million requirement
$430 thousand received
37% Funded percentage
funded

Earthquake

April 2016

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 720 thousand people in need of humanitarian assistance [UN and Government of Ecuador, April 2016]
Partnership icon 35 Organisations Supported
Information icon 60 IM products published
Cog icon 21 Coordination meetings
House icon 2,765 m3 Storage
Plane icon 113 mt Air transport
Truck icon 495 mt Road transport

Ecuador

The Government of Ecuador lead the emergency response following the 7.8 magnitude earthquake that hit the central coast of Ecuador on 16 April 2016, killing over 650 people, injuring thousands and causing extensive damage to buildings and infrastructure.

The Logistics Sector has been supporting relief efforts by establishing logistics hubs in Manta, Pedernales and Quito where storage capacity was made available by WFP for interagency cargo including Education, WASH, Shelter and Non Food Items (NFIs), Camp Management, Protection and Health sectors and office spaces to facilitate the operations and eventually provide short-term working space to organisations.

The United Nations Humanitarian Response Depot (UNHRD), a common service managed and provided by the World Food Programme (WFP), supported the emergency response at the onset of the operation, transporting relief items into the country on behalf of World Vision International, Catholic Relief Services, AECID, WFP and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Panama.

During the first month of the emergency response, the Logistics Sector coordinated humanitarian cargo dispatches, from Centro Logístico de Asistencia Aumanitaria (CELAH) logistic hub to emergency facilities in Pedernales and Manta. In addition, the Logistics sector delivered Mobile Storage Units (MSUs) and other equipment to hubs in Pedernales and Manta.

$756 thousand requirement
$600 thousand received
79% Funded percentage
funded

Drought

March 2016

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 10.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, March 2016]
People icon 25 Organisations Supported
People icon 148 IM products published
People icon 28 Coordination meetings
People icon 54,600 m3 Storage
People icon 662 mt Road transport

ETHIOPIA

In late 2015 and early 2016, Ethiopia experienced one of its worst droughts in decades.

Under the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), WFP, as the global lead agency for the Logistics Cluster, has been working together with the Government of Ethiopia and the humanitarian community to identify logistics gaps and bottlenecks and propose mitigating activities to ensure an effective response. Within this framework, the Logistics Cluster seconded seven logistics advisors to the NDRMC to provide support and advice on different aspects of the supply chain.

The Logistics Cluster supported the NDRMC facilitating the transport of non-food items and augmenting storage capacity to assist with the large volume of humanitarian cargo arriving in country.

As of December 2016, the Logistics Cluster has erected 117 MSUs in 90 locations around the country, achieving 100% of the target for storage augmentation on behalf of the government and the humanitarian community.

The Logistics Cluster also facilitated access to financial resources for the NDRMC to secure a temporary surge in qualified staff. A total of 1,002 staff, including storekeepers and data entry clerks have been recruited to support the response. Training programmes have been offered to more than 600 newly recruited NDRMC staff and to the humanitarian partners on supply chain management, MSU erection and warehouse management.

$10.8 million requirement
$10.8 million received
100% Funded percentage
funded

Hurricane Matthew

October 2016

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 2.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
People icon 123 Organisations Supported
People icon 131 IM products published
People icon 35 Coordination meetings
People icon 1,565 mt Storage
People icon 706 mt Road transport
People icon 2,237 mt Sea transport
People icon 556 mt Air transport

Haiti

As Hurricane Matthew made landfall in Haiti on 4 October 2016, provoking severe damage to road and ICT infrastructure, housing and health facilities, the Global Logistics Cluster and WFP Haiti office put in place a swift emergency response.

The Global Logistics Cluster reached out to the Logistics Emergency Team partners (Agility, Maersk, UPS), for support. The LET provided pro bono airlifts and ocean freight and assistance with customs clearance. Warehouse space, forklifts and trucks were also made available allowing for cost and time efficient reception and primary transportation of aid.

In the meantime, in coordination with the Directorate of Civil Defence (DPC) a Logistics Working Group was established with logistics and coordination hubs in Port au Prince, Les Cayes and Jéremie.

WFP, as the global lead agency of the Logistics Cluster, coordinated access to US military air assets, and Netherlands Navy vessels, through the EU Civil Protection, for responders to reach inaccessible communities. WFP also made available a fleet of off-road trucks and contracted commercial air and sea services.

In November 2016 it was decided that Haiti will be the pilot country of the Logistics Cluster preparedness project.

$3 million requirement
$3 million received
100% Funded percentage
funded

Complex protracted emergency

May 2014

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 10 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
People icon 75 Organisations Supported
People icon 72 IM products published
People icon 34 Coordination meetings
People icon 40,741 m3 Storage

Iraq

The surge in violence in Iraq has resulted in deteriorating humanitarian situation and in increasing access issues.

The Logistics Cluster has been coordinating with humanitarian organisations throughout the preparedness and planning phase for the Mosul operation, while continuing its engagement with the 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan.

Coordination meetings are held in Erbil, Dahuk and Baghdad to address logistics gaps and bottlenecks and coordinate the prepositioning and shipment of relief items.

Contingency to facilitate initial road transport for emergency humanitarian supplies, including through inter-agency convoys, has been put in place.

Warehouse capacity has been scaled up in the major hubs of Erbil and Dahuk, new hubs established in key locations, and additional strategic forward operating bases made available in, or in close vicinity to, displacement camps and emergency site locations to facilitate distribution.

Specialised logistics staff have been deployed and are planned as a contingency to strengthen coordination in the different hubs and to work on potential areas of constraint, such as border crossing and airports.

The Logistics Cluster has been liaising with authorities on behalf of the humanitarian community to raise issues of common concern and address logistics humanitarian access constraints. Notably the cluster has been working with humanitarian actors and authorities to establish a One Stop Shop to facilitate and streamline the customs clearance process for humanitarian cargo.

$5.5 million requirement
$5.5 million received
100% Funded percentage
funded

Conflict

August 2016

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
People icon 31 Organisations Supported
People icon 34 IM products published
People icon 12 Coordination meetings

Nigeria

Conflict in northeast Nigeria has left widespread devastation; 1.7 million people displaced, depleted resources and severe access issues.

The Logistics Sector has been supporting the Government-led response by chairing Logistics Coordination meetings in Maiduguri since August 2016 and by consolidating and sharing up-to-date information about the operating environment to inform agencies’ decision making and ensure coordination.

The Logistics Sector is also supporting the Civil/Military coordination mechanisms established by OCHA by providing expertise in convoy consolidation and management and by promoting joint planning and streamlining of requests. Furthermore, the team in place in Maiduguri is offering guidance for cross border movements of aid entering from Cameroon.

In order to supplement the logistics capacities of the humanitarian organisations operating in northeast Nigeria, the Logistics Sector aims to facilitate access to multi-lateral common storage and cargo consolidation services in Maiduguri and Damaturu, at no cost to the user. Assessments to identify a suitable storage and transhipment facility are ongoing.

$868 thousand requirement
$543 thousand received
63% Funded percentage
funded

Complex protracted emergency

September 2009

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
People icon 16 Organisations Supported
People icon 18 IM products published
People icon 5 Coordination meetings

Somalia

Acute humanitarian needs persist in Somalia. Vulnerability remain critical, due to continued insecurity and extremely low levels of socio-economic development resulting in limited ability to absorb recurrent shocks. 

Insecurity, lack of transport services and infrastructure hamper access and humanitarian operations.

A coordination hub is established in Nairobi to allow for liaison with other clusters and organisations and to channel operational information critical to decision making.

Complex protracted emergency

October 2010

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 5.1 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
Partnership icon 117 Organisations Supported
Information icon 207 IM products published
Cog icon 92 Coordination meetings
House icon 12,160 m3 Storage
Plane icon 5,187 mt Air transport
Truck icon 175 mt Road transport
Barge icon 1,278 mt River transport
Convoy icon 7 Convoys coordinated

South Sudan

Ongoing insecurity and poor transport infrastructure leave the humanitarian sector with limited options to deliver lifesaving cargo to the displaced populations scattered across South Sudan.

The Logistics Cluster has been working to ensure the humanitarian community has access to otherwise inaccessible locations by coordinating air transport of emergency response cargo. Working through WFP Aviation, large quantities of relief cargo have been transported to hard-to-reach locations. Air services have been complimented by IOM which provides shunting services to and from the airstrips.

The Logistics Cluster has also been facilitating river transport via barge and access to common storage facilities, and has partnered with other humanitarian organisations such as ACTED, IOM and IRC for the management of the common warehouses.

The Logistics Cluster encouraged organisations to preposition cargo during the dry season, improving the efficiency of the humanitarian supply chain. Road convoy coordination played a key role in enabling the prepositioning and distribution of humanitarian cargo and reduced the risk exposure of organisations using road transport.

Regular coordination meetings are held in Juba and key locations, such as Bor, Bentiu, Malakal, Wau and Rumbek, to ensure effective interagency response by sharing relevant logistical information, identifying bottlenecks and finding appropriate solutions. The Logistics Cluster regularly participated in the Inter-Cluster Working Group and the Civil-Military Access Working Group, both chaired by OCHA.

$26 million requirement
$26 million received
100% Funded percentage
funded

Conflict

January 2013

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 13.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, December 2016]
Partnership icon 60 Organisations Supported
Information icon 57 IM products published
Cog icon 44 Coordination meetings
House icon 19,115 m3 Storage
Plane icon 18,978 mt Air transport
Truck icon 75,487 mt Road transport
Convoy icon 107 Convoys coordinated

Syria

To meet the needs of humanitarian partners operating in the Whole of Syria, the Logistics Cluster continues to provide support, including logistical coordination, information management, and capacity building through logistics training, as well as facilitating access to road and air transport, storage and transhipment services.

Under the framework of the Inter-Agency Humanitarian Convoys, the Logistics Cluster has facilitated the transport of relief items through convoys to hard-to-reach and cut-off areas, organised in close collaboration with OCHA and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC).

Airlift operations that began in July 2016, brought food, WASH, health and education supplies from Damascus to Qamishli on behalf of nine humanitarian organisations (ACF, GOPA, ICRC, IOM, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, WFP and WHO).

Coordination meetings held in Damascus, Amman, Gaziantep and Antakya, have been working to mitigate logistics bottlenecks and develop common solutions for improved cross-line, cross-border and regular humanitarian response.

Over 5,000 litres of WFP-procured diesel have been provided as donations for shelters and community centres, and 35,500 litres of diesel have been made available to the humanitarian community under cost recovery for operational purposes.

$12 million requirement
$12 million received
100% Funded percentage
funded

Conflict

February 2015

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 3.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
Partnership icon 46 Organisations Supported
Information icon 29 IM products published
Cog icon 12 Coordination meetings
House icon 6,637 m3 Storage
Truck icon 10,310 mt Road transport
Convoy icon 22 Convoys coordinated

Ukraine

Access of relief items to people in need continue to be hampered by insecurity, bureaucratic impediments, and logistic challenges. 

The Logistics Cluster has been assisting humanitarian actors working in Ukraine by streamlining the complex procedures required for transport across the conflict line, advising on the required paperwork, facilitating access by providing a UN umbrella for organisations and coordinating humanitarian convoys.

The Logistics Cluster has been coordinating access to warehousing and cargo consolidation facilities in Dnipro (former Dnipropetrovsk) and to transport services to support the delivery of relief items to the Non-Government Controlled Areas.

$2.4 million requirement
$2.2 million received
91% Funded percentage
funded

Complex protracted emergency

June 2011

Logistics Cluster Activation
People icon 18.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance [OCHA, November 2016]
Partnership icon 43 Organisations Supported
Information icon 133 IM products published
Cog icon 31 Coordination meetings
House icon 9,262 m3 Storage
Plane icon 800 m3 Air transport
Truck icon 13,940 m3 Road transport
Boat icon 13,912 m3 Sea transport

Yemen

Humanitarian  organisations  responding  to  the crisis  in  Yemen have been facing  a  number  of logistical challenges that continue to impede their ability to deliver relief supplies.

To ensure timely and efficient emergency logistics response, the Logistics Cluster has been supporting inter-agency logistics coordination establishing hubs inside Yemen and in Djibouti and providing information management including mapping/GIS services.

Inside Yemen, the Logistics Cluster is coordinating access to common storage in Aden (640 m2), Hodeidah (640 m2) and Sana’a (320 m2), and from the same locations, overland transport. The cluster also facilitate access to WFP-managed fuel distribution points in these three locations, with 1,238,543 litres distributed in 2016.

Establishing presence in Djibouti, the Logistics Cluster has been coordinating cargo transport by sea from the Port of Djibouti to the Ports of Hodeidah and Aden. Since May, the Logistics Cluster also facilitates passenger sea transport to Aden. These services are made available through WFP chartered vessels and commercial vessels.

Making use WFP Aviation assets, the Logistics Cluster has also been facilitating cargo airlifts from Djibouti to Sana’a.

$11.5 million requirement
$7.6 million received Additional funding has been received for port rehabilitation and for passenger sea transport, respectively 4.5 ML and 2.9 ML. These two projects are fully funded.
67% Funded percentage
funded

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